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Managing International Debt – Challenges and Strategies


International debt management is a pivotal aspect of global economic stability. It involves balancing the borrowing needs of nations, especially developing countries, with their ability to repay, while ensuring that such debts do not impede their economic growth and development.


  • Global Debt Dynamics: The accumulation of international debt has accelerated, influenced by factors like global financial crises, economic policies, and the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Debt Vulnerability: Many countries, particularly low-income and emerging economies, face heightened vulnerability due to excessive debt burdens.

  • Creditors and Lenders: A diverse array of creditors, including multinational banks, governments, and international financial institutions, play key roles in the global debt landscape.

Key Issues

  1. Debt Sustainability: Assessing a country's ability to manage its debt without jeopardizing its economic future.

  2. Debt Restructuring and Relief: Exploring options for debt restructuring, relief programs, and the role of international frameworks like the Paris Club.

  3. Impact of External Shocks: Understanding the impact of global economic shocks, such as pandemics or financial crises, on debt management strategies.

  4. Policy Responses: Evaluating the effectiveness of policy measures taken by indebted countries and international bodies to manage and mitigate debt challenges.

Case Studies

  • Argentina's Debt Crisis: A study of Argentina's repeated debt crises, exploring the interplay between governmental policies, external factors, and creditor negotiations.

  • Sub-Saharan African Debt: Analyzing the debt dynamics in Sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on external borrowing trends, debt sustainability, and the role of China as a major creditor.

Discussion Points

  • What strategies can heavily indebted countries employ to achieve debt sustainability?

  • How do international financial institutions and creditor nations influence debt management policies?

  • What lessons can be learned from historical instances of debt crises and their resolutions?

Objectives This case study aims to foster a nuanced understanding of the complexities involved in managing international debt. It invites critical discussion on sustainable borrowing practices, the role of international creditors, and the development of effective policies to prevent and resolve debt crises.


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